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BornNovember 9, 1877,Sialkot. Sir Muhammad Iqbal, widely known as Allama Iqbal was a poet, philosopher and politician, as well as an academic, barrister and scholar in British India who is widely regarded as having inspired the Pakistan Movement. He is called the Spiritual Father of Pakistan. Song Peyrius - Relax Vlog No Copyright Music Music provided by Vlog No Copyright Music. Video Link For his talents and extraordinary personality, he was knighted by King George V in 1922. Some of the books written by Iqbal are Payam-i-Mashriq 1923 Javid Nama 1932 Bal-i-Jibril 1935 Zarb-i-Kalim 1936 The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam 1930 Pas Cheh Bayed Kard ai Aqwam-e-Sharq. Iqbal was known for his legal expertise and political ideologies, but it was as a poet that he is still fondly remembered. With books like, Rumuz-i-Bekhudi, Zabur-i-Ajam. Also his contribution to Urdu literature are endless. Iqbals poetic worksare written primarily in Persian rather than Urdu. Among his 12,000 verses ofpoetry, about 7,000 verses are in Persian. In 1915, he published his first collection ofpoetry, the Asrar-i-Khudi Secrets of the Self in Persian. ShikwaUrdu شکوہ Complaint andJawab-e-ShikwaUrdu جواب شکوہ Response to the Complaint are Urdu language poems written by MuhammadIqbal, which were later published in his book Kulliat-e-Iqbal. The poems are often noted for their musicality, poetical beauty and depth of thought. Muhammad Iqbal probably the first and only muslim in eight centuries to have prayed in the Mezquita. In 1931, Iqbal made a second visit to Europe to renew old acquaintances and make new ones and to reflect and write. He attended conferences in Britain and met various scholars and politicians, including the French philosopher Henri Louis Bergson and the Italian dictator Mussolini. A visit to Spain inspired three beautiful poems, which were later incorporated into a major composition,Bal-I JibrilGabriels Wing. Iqbal had met Mussolini in Rome in 1932 and was much impressed by his dynamic personality. He saw that Italian life was galvanised by Mussolini. The spirit of siesta was being replaced by feverish activity in all departments of life. Thus being favourably impressed by what Musolini was doing, Iqbal wrote an eulogistic poem about the Italiam dictator which has been characterised by the critics of Iqbal as a poem in praise of Fascism. But three years 1935 later when Mussolini attacked undefended and poor Abyssinia, Iqbal came out with two scathing poems full of acidity and sarcasm, condemning the Italian aggression in his own manner. In the first poem he painted Mussolini as anenfent terribleof Western imperialism which had had ruthless expansion in Asia and Africa, crucified humanity on the cross of gold and sacrificed non-white races at the altar of greed. In the last two lines of the poem Mussolini is made to address the western imperialists as follows تم نے لوٹے بے نوا صحرا نشینوں کے خیام تم نے لوٹی کشت دہقان تم نے لوٹے تخت و تاج پردۂ تہذیب میں غارت گری آدم کشی کل روار کھی تھی تم نے میں روا ر کھتا ہوں آج ضرب کلیم You looted the tents of the poor denizens of the desert, You appropriated the harvest of the farmers And destroyed thrones and crowns. In the name of civilisation you justified genocide, Arson and plunder yesterday, I do the same Today. Where is my crime In another poem he took up the question of Abyssinia in the light of international events and gave his opinion that the spoilation of Abyssinia would prove to be the preamble of a bigger world tragedy. His forecast was correct as later events proved it. Here are those lines ہے کتنی زہرناک ابی سینا کی لاش ہونے کو ہے یہ مردۂ دیرینہ قاش قاش تہذیب کا کمال شرافت کا ہے زوال غارت گہری جہاں میں ہے اقوام کی معاش ہر گرگ کو ہے برۂ معصوم کی تلاش اے وائے آبروئے کلیسا کا آئنہ روما نے کر دیا سر بازار پاش پاش پیر کلیسا یہ حقیقت ہے دل خراش ضرب کلیم The vultures of Europe are not yet aware How poisonous is the dead body of Abyssinia This old dead body is to be shortly cut to pieces. The perfection of civilisation is but a decline in human dignity Plunder and arson provide now the livelihood of nations. Every wolf now is in search of an innocent victim. Alas Rome has broken to pieces in the market place. The mirror of the honour of the Church. O, Father of the Church This is a heart-rending reality. ONLY KNOWN PICTURE OF JINNAH AND IQBAL TOGETHER. muslimleague 1930

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